This paper presents the methods and results of a Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) study conducted at Murray State University in two elective economics classes. While there is plenty of literature about WAC, I hope that this paper will be interesting as it offers some suggestions to instructors who would be interested using WAC in their classrooms. After a very brief review of the literature, the paper describes how WAC was used in the two classes and the results of the program.
There isn’t a business in America that doesn’t want to be more creative in their thinking, products, and processes. At many companies, being first with a concept and first to market are critical just to survive. In The Art of Innovation, Tom Kelley, general manager of the Silicon Valley-based design firm IDEO, takes readers behind the scenes of this wildly imaginative and energized company to reveal the strategies and secrets it uses to turn out hit after hit. — Authors’ website
The recently introduced construct of consumer sharing is represented as a nonreciprocal, pro-social distribution of resources given without expectation of reciprocity (Belk, 2010, Sharing’, Journal of Consumer Research 36: 715-34). The approach adopted rests on shaky ontological and epistemological grounds and reproduces an array of problematic modernist dichotomies (e.g., agency/structure, nurturing family/instrumental public, gift/market, and altruism/self-interest) that significantly constrain the analytical enterprise. This work redresses some of the conceptual problems in the current formulation. The critique highlights a focus on resource distribution based on a more holistic, socially grounded perspective on circulation. We offer the alternative concept of mutuality or generalized exchange and the metaphor of inclusion rather than exchange as central to this perspective. We argue this may provide a more sound basis for understanding alternative modes of circulation.
Most voice teachers begin as professional singers themselves and now—perhaps facing the loss of their own performing identities—work to build and support their students in every way possible.
In The Teacher’s Ego, author Lynn Eustis grapples with these two distinct egos, those of both singer and teacher, and reveals practical implications for any professional voice teacher. Ultimately, the relationship between a singer and a voice teacher is complex. As Eustis states, “Voice teachers who understand their own motivations are infinitely more effective in the studio than those who don’t.”— GIA PUBLICATIONS, INC.
The contribution of working forests to tropical conservation and
development depends upon the maintenance of ecological integrity under
ongoing land use. Assessment of ecological integrity requires an
understanding of the structure, composition, and function and major
drivers that govern their variability. Working forests in tropical river
floodplains provide many goods and services, yet the data on the
ecological processes that sustain these services is scant. In flooded
forests of riverside Amazonian communities, we established 46 0.1-ha
plots varying in flood duration, use by cattle and water buffalo, and
time since agricultural abandonment (30-90 yr). We monitored three
aspects of ecological integrity (stand structure, species composition,
and dynamics of trees and seedlings) to evaluate the impacts of
different trajectories of livestock activity (alleviation, stasis, and
intensification) over nine years. Negative effects of livestock
intensification were solely evident in the forest understory, and plots
alleviated from past heavy disturbance increased in seedling density but
had higher abundance of thorny species than plots maintaining low
activity. Stand structure, dynamics, and tree species composition were
strongly influenced by the natural pulse of seasonal floods, such that
the defining characteristics of integrity were dependent upon flood
duration (3-200 d). Forests with prolonged floods >= 140 d had not only
lower species richness but also lower rates of recruitment and species
turnover relative to forests with short floods < 70 d. Overall, the
combined effects of livestock intensification and prolonged flooding
hindered forest regeneration, but overall forest integrity was largely
related to the hydrological regime and age. Given this disjunction
between factors mediating canopy and understory integrity, we present a
subset of metrics for regeneration and recruitment to distinguish forest
condition by livestock trajectory. Although our study design includes
confounded factors that preclude a definitive assessment of the major
drivers of ecological change, we provide much-needed data on the
regrowth of a critical but poorly studied ecosystem. In addition to its
emphasis on the dynamics of tropical wetland forests undergoing
anthropogenic and environmental change, our case study is an important
example for how to assess of ecological integrity in working forests of
The Best American Poetry 2014is the #NewBookoftheWeek at Murray State University. This volume of poetry edited by Lehman and Hayes can be found on the “New Book Shelf” in Waterfield Library.
Always eagerly anticipated, the 2014 volume of The Best American Poetry begins with David Lehman’s “state-of-the-art” foreward followed by an inspired introduction from Terrance Hayes on his picks for the best American poems of the past year. Following the poems is the apparatus for which the series has won acclaim: notes from the poets about the writing of their poems. — From SIMON & SCHUSTER website
We encourage #RacerScholars add Kudos to their #MSULibraryBelt to promote the academic achievements and increase readership of Murray State University scholars.
Kudos is a freeservice for researchers to integrate a variety of tools to take control of their scholarly output and gain insight of different metrics that track the impact of their work. In additon, Kudos helps you generate simplified language to encourage people in your social networks to read your work.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review selected publications in library-related literature and discuss the thematic approach to course design in colleges and universities and how it has been implemented into information literacy (IL) courses.
Design/methodology/approach – A literature review of peer-reviewed journals, professional journals, magazines and blogs contextualizes the thematic approach to instruction at the college and university levels. Search terms included “thematic approach”, “thematic approach in education” and “theme-based instruction”; the search was restricted to articles published in the past 20 years. Findings – In addition to the IL courses, thematic-based instruction has been used in biology, chemistry, English, French literature, history, mathematics, philosophy and sociology courses in college and university campuses. While instructors report that the thematic approach enhances student learning, few studies have directly tested the impact. No studies have been published within the library science literature.
Originality/value – Thematic approach is a newer concept in the world of IL instruction. While many professional journal articles and blog posts provide in-depth case studies of how thematic-based instruction has been implemented, this article draws from all disciplines and features a succinct summary of what works, what does not work and how to best implement a thematic approach in an IL course.
Why does a male violate cultural gender rules and dress and act as a woman? Why does a female violate cultural rules to dress and act as a man? Why do some males and females undergo radical medical procedures in order to permanently change their bodies so that they are closer, respectively, to female and male bodies? In this book, a Princeton University-trained physiological psychologist explores dozens of theories about what may spur transsexual and transgender (TSTG) thinking, exposes the myths of fetishism, homosexuality, prenatal hormones, or child rearing as causes, and explains the two causes that are supported by current science. — From ABC-CLIO, LLC website
Objective: The present research examined the validity of self-report versus informant-report in relation to a performance-based indicator of adult ADHD.
Method: Archival data from 118 participants (52 males, 66 females) were used to compare Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scale–Self-Report: Long Format (CAARS-S:L) and Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scale–Observer Report: Long Format (CAARS-O:L) with discrepancy scores calculated between the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Third Edition (WAIS-III) Verbal Comprehension Index – Working Memory Index (VCI – WMI) and Perceptual-Organizational Index – Processing Speed Index (POI – PSI) scaled scores.
Results: Neither the self- nor informant-report formats of the CAARS were better predictors of discrepancies between WAIS-III Index scores. Intercorrelations between the CAARS-S:L and CAARS-O:L revealed generally higher correlations between the same scales of different formats and among scales measuring externally visible symptoms. Furthermore, regression analysis indicated that both the CAARS-S:L and CAARS-O:L clinical scales contributed a significant proportion of variance in WAIS-III VCI – WMI discrepancy scores (14.7% and 16.4%, respectively). Conclusion: Results did not establish greater accuracy of self-report versus informant-report of ADHD symptomatology, rather demonstrate the need for multimodal assessment of ADHD in adults.
Anatomy of an Epidemic investigates a medical mystery: Why has the number of adults and children disabled by mental illness skyrocketed over the past fifty years? There are now more than four million people in the United States who receive a government disability check because of a mental illness, and the number continues to soar. Every day, 850 adults and 250 children with a mental illness are added to the government disability rolls. What is going on? — From the author’s website
Cannibalism is widespread in size-structured populations. If cannibals and victims are in different life stages, dominant cohorts of cannibals can regulate recruitment. Arizona Tiger Salamanders, Ambystoma tigrinum nebulosum, exhibit facultative paedomorphosis in which salamander larvae either metamorphose into terrestrial adults or become sexually mature while still in their larval form. Although many salamanders exhibit cannibalism of larvae, the Arizona Tiger Salamander also exhibits cannibalism of young by the aquatic adults. We formulate a differential equations model of this system under the assumption that the terrestrial adults do not impact the system beyond their contribution to the birth of young larvae. We establish non-negativity, boundedness and persistence of the salamander population under certain assumptions. We consider the equilibrium states of the system in the presence or absence of a birth contribution from the terrestrial or metamorph adults. Constant per capita paedomorphosis leads to asymptotically stable equilibria. The per capita paedomorphosis rate of the larvae must be density dependent in order for periodic solutions to exist. Furthermore, the stage transition rate must be sufficiently decreasing in order to guarantee the existence of an unstable equilibrium. Periodic solutions are only possible in the presence of a unique nontrivial unstable equilibrium. Our results conform to previous theory on paedomorphosis which suggests general applicability of our results to similar systems.
We know it simply as “the pill,” yet its genesis was anything but simple. Jonathan Eig’s masterful narrative revolves around four principal characters: the fiery feminist Margaret Sanger, who was a champion of birth control in her campaign for the rights of women but neglected her own children in pursuit of free love; the beautiful Katharine McCormick, who owed her fortune to her wealthy husband, the son of the founder of International Harvester and a schizophrenic; the visionary scientist Gregory Pincus, who was dismissed by Harvard in the 1930s as a result of his experimentation with in vitro fertilization but who, after he was approached by Sanger and McCormick, grew obsessed with the idea of inventing a drug that could stop ovulation; and the telegenic John Rock, a Catholic doctor from Boston who battled his own church to become an enormously effective advocate in the effort to win public approval for the drug that would be marketed by Searle as Enovid—Read More
Josh Adair, an Associate Professor at Murray State University, has had several scholarly articles appear in an eclectic variety of journals on an unusual diversity of subjects from crafting to gender politics to house museums.
Adair’s teaching focuses mainly on English, Gender Studies and Humanities and is a recipient of the College of Humanities and Fine Arts Awards for both Service Excellence and Teaching Excellence. Adair’s leadership work includes being the Director of the Racer Writing Center and Coordinator of Gender and Diversity Studies. Adair also received the University Outstanding Research Award.
Click here to read more about the Racer Writing Center.
Said Adair, “The last year has been unusually satisfying in that it has afforded me opportunities to publish traditional academic essays — several in top-tier presses — about topics like the work of Christopher Isherwood (left) and the state of LGBT Studies in the academy alongside several pieces of creative…
This study examined the concerns of regular elementary school teachers in Gurgaon, India, in order to work with students with disabilities in inclusive education settings. A total of 175 teachers responded to a two-part questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The data indicated that the teachers in Gurgaon, overall, were a little concerned about implementing inclusive education in their schools. Significant difference existed in teacher concerns whether they taught in government versus privately managed schools. Implications are discussed to address teacher concerns for inclusive education in India.
Generally, one expects evapotranspiration (ET) maps derived from optical/thermal Landsat and MODIS satellite imagery to improve decision support tools and lead to superior decisions regarding water resources management. However, there is lack of supportive evidence to accept or reject this expectation. We benchmark three existing hydrologic decision support tools with the following benchmarks: annual ET for the ET Toolbox developed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation, predicted rainfall-runoff hydrographs for the Gridded Surface/Subsurface Hydrologic Analysis model developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the average annual groundwater recharge for the Distributed Parameter Watershed Model used by Daniel B. Stephens & Associates. The conclusion of this benchmark study is that the use of NASA/USGS optical/thermal satellite imagery can considerably improve hydrologic decision support tools compared to their traditional implementations. The benefits of improved decision making, resulting from more accurate results of hydrologic support systems using optical/thermal satellite imagery, should substantially exceed the costs for acquiring such imagery and implementing the remote sensing algorithms. In fact, the value of reduced error in estimating average annual groundwater recharge in the San Gabriel Mountains, California alone, in terms of value of water, may be as large as $1 billion, more than sufficient to pay for one new Landsat satellite.
In January 1988, aged twelve, Martin Pistorius fell inexplicably sick. Within eighteen months he was mute and wheelchair-bound, being cared for at centres for severely disabled children. What no-one knew is that while Martin’s body remained unresponsive, his mind slowly woke up, yet he could tell no-one, a prisoner inside his own body. During this time, he suffered abuse of a kind that is barely imaginable, yet still he kept the spirit of hope alive. It wasn’t until he was twenty-three that a gentle therapist realised he was alert to everything and, along with his parents, assisted his road to recovery. – See more at: Simon & Schuster
Relational frame theory contains a foundational assumption that coherence (i.e., making sense) is reinforcing for verbally competent humans. That is, it is assumed that humans relate ambiguous stimuli together because they have an extensive learning history where doing so resulted in both effective environmental action and socially mediated reinforcement (e.g., praise, positive attention).
This investigation tested this core assumption of relational frame theory by analyzing response patterns to ambiguous stimuli in a matching-to-sample task (Study 1) and by assessing whether participants displayed a preference toward coherent contexts in a concurrent chains preparation (Study 2).
The majority of participants responded to ambiguous stimuli in ways that were internally consistent and congruent with their previous learning histories in the absence of any programmed contingencies. Many participants also displayed a preference toward contexts where coherent responding was possible, and there was a trend toward switching away in preference when it became increasingly costly to access the coherent context.
The major theoretical contributions of these findings are discussed.
Increased research on the benefits of equine- assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) for people with special needs and the success of these programs has generated an increase in education on EAAT in the United States. This study provides evidence of the viability of EAAT programs in higher education and helps determine whether universities and colleges should consider implementing these programs into their curriculum, with particular focus on Murray State University. [Read More]
In this “artful, unfailingly human, and understandable” (Boston Globe) account inspired by his own experiences becoming a doctor, Terrence Holt puts readers on the front lines of the harrowing crucible of a medical residency. A medical classic in the making, hailed by critics as capturing “the feelings of a young doctor’s three-year hospital residency . . . better than anything else I have ever read” (Susan Okie, Washington Post), Holt brings a writer’s touch and a doctor’s eye to nine unforgettable stories where the intricacies of modern medicine confront the mysteries of the human spirit. Internal Medicine captures the “stark moments of success and failure, pride and shame, courage and cowardice, self-reflection and obtuse blindness that mark the years of clinical training” (Jerome Groopman, New York Review of Books), portraying not only a doctor’s struggle with sickness and suffering but also the fears and frailties each of us—doctor and patient—bring to the bedside. —W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
A series of 1-alkyl-3-methyl-1,2,3-triazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [NTf2] ionic liquids were prepared synthetically using azide–alkyne ‘click’ cyclization chemistry and their physicochemical and thermal properties were determined. Increasing the alkyl chain length resulted in increased viscosities and higher thermal transitions (Tg or Tm) with depressed molar conductivities. Walden plot analysis indicated that the ionicity of 1-butyl-3-methyl-1,2,3-triazolium [NTf2] was comparable to the analogous imidazolium system and higher than the 1,2,4-triazolium equivalent.
You can find a copy of the book on the “New Book Shelf” in Waterfield Library.
About the book:
Beyond the familiar online world that most of us inhabit—a world of Google, Facebook, and Twitter—lies a vast and often hidden network of sites, communities, and cultures where freedom is pushed to its limits, and where people can be anyone, or do anything, they want. This is the world of Bitcoin and Silk Road, of radicalism and pornography. This is the Dark Net.
In this important and revealing book, Jamie Bartlett takes us deep into the digital underworld and presents an extraordinary look at the internet we don’t know. Beginning with the rise of the internet and the conflicts and battles that defined its early years, Bartlett reports on trolls, pornographers, drug dealers, hackers, political extremists, Bitcoin programmers, and vigilantes—and puts a human face on those who have many reasons to stay anonymous.
Rich with historical research and revelatory reporting, The Dark Net is an unprecedented, eye-opening look at a world that doesn’t want to be known.
About the author:
Jamie Bartlett is the Director of the Centre for the Analysis of Social Media at the think tank Demos, where he specializes in online social movements and the impact of technology on society. Prior to his work with Demos, he was a research associate at the international humanitarian agency Islamic Relief and conducted field research in Pakistan and Bangladesh. A graduate of the London School of Economics and the University of Oxford, Bartlett writes a weekly column on technology for the Telegraph and is a frequent commentator for media outlets throughout the world. He lives in London. (Melville House)
In 2007, inventor and digital librarian Brewster Kahle gave a TED Talk about, “A Free Digital Library,” which would give “Universal access to all knowledge.” Today, you can use that library, which provides access to an archive of the World Wide Web, over 9 million eBooks and digital documents, 2.4 million videos, 2.8 million audio recordings, 120 thousand pieces of software, 1.1 million digitized images, and 162 thousand live concert recordings. Read below to learn about some of the different features and select collections.
The “Wayback Machine” has captured 469 billion pages on the Internet using web crawlers to give researchers the ability to access pages that are no longer live. Thus, you can potentially see a webpage that now reads “HTTP 404 Not Found” if you use the “Wayback Machine.” You can also use it to look at the history of a web page’s design, for example, see what the Murray State University Libraries’ page looked like in 2007–notice there is no Search. catalog, and no Twitter feed.
The Smithsonian Libraries collection is one of the largest library systems in the world and contains texts of all sorts, inculduding rare and old books that you can read online. These documents are very useful for understanding historical developments in human history. For example, here is a book published in 1671 that gives an account of early America and its inhabitants:
The LibriVox Free Audiobook Collection contains recordings of public domain texts (works that may be used freely without the permission of the former copyright owner) in multiple languages that you can download and listen to freely. This way you can study and exercise at the same time.
The Internet Arcade gives you the ability to play vintage-era video games using an online emulator. If you were writing a paper on the history of video game development, you could experience what it was like to use these games, like this 1982 classic, “Q*Bert”:
The Metropolitan Museum of Art – Gallery Images collection gives you access to over 140 thousand images from their collection. If you need images for a presentation that you are giving, or you are an Art History major, this collection is an invaluable resource. Keep in mind that these collections include images of three-dimensional objects, like this early 19th century “Russian Bassoon”:
Are you doing a report on how media covers tragic events? The Internet Archive contains 3,000 hours of coverage of the events from 9/11 in the Understanding 9/11: A Television News Archive. This collection is from the video collections held in the Internet Archive.
These are just few of the many collections contained in the Internet Archive. There are 198 thousand collections to choose from.
We have investigated the role chondroitin sulfate has on cell interactions during neural plate formation in the early chick embryo. Using tissue culture isolates from the prospective neural plate, we have measured neural gene expression profiles associated with neural stem cell differentiation. Removal of chondroitin sulfate from stage 4 neural plate tissue leads to altered associations of N-cadherin-positive neural progenitors and causes changes in the normal sequence of neural marker gene expression. Absence of chondroitin sulfate in the neural plate leads to reduced Sox2 expression and is accompanied by an increase in the expression of anterior markers of neural regionalization. Results obtained in this study suggest that the presence of chondroitin sulfate in the anterior chick embryo is instrumental in maintaining cells in the neural precursor state.
This is the first scholarly study to focus on satirical prints of women in the late eighteenth century. This was the golden age of graphic satire: thousands of prints were published, and they were viewed by nearly all sections of the population. These prints both reflected and sought to shape contemporary debate about the role of women in society. Cindy McCreery’s study examines the beliefs and prejudices of Georgian England which they revealed. – Oxford University Press