Laura Liljequist, Ph.D. is our #RacerScholar this week!

home_coverProfessor Laura Liljequist in the Department of Psychology at Murray State University is this week’s #RacerScholar. She co-authored the article, “Specificity of the CAARS in Discriminating ADHD Symptoms in Adults From Other Axis I Symptoms,” which appeared in a special issue on the Assesment of ADHD in the Journal of Attention Disorders.

Abstract

Objective: In this study, we examined the sensitivity and specificity of the Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scale-Self-Report: Long Version (CAARS) in 113 adult clinical archival records.

Method: Forty-five clients had requested evaluation for ADHD, suggesting problems with attention, and 68 requested other services. To examine the CAARS’ ability to differentiate ADHD symptoms from other Axis I symptoms, it was compared with the Personality Assessment Inventory. Results: The two groups differed significantly on the weighted linear combination of the eight subscales of the CAARS, Wilks’s Lambda = .565, F(7, 105) = 11.56, p < .0001, with higher mean scores found among those requesting evaluation of ADHD. z-tests revealed the eight CAARS subscales were more highly correlated with each other, based on the average intercorrelation, than the nine selected clinical scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Somatic Complaints [SOM], Mania [MAN], Paranoia [PAR], Schizophrenia [SCZ], Anxiety [ANX], Anxiety-Related Disorders [ARD], Depression [DEP], Borderline Features [BOR], and Antisocial Features [ANT]). Some unexpectedly high correlations were found between the CAARS and PAI clinical scales (MAN and SCZ).

Conclusion: The results of the present study were mixed, with some analyses yielding positive results with respect to the CAARS’ sensitivity and others suggesting poor specificity.

home_cover
Specificity of the CAARS in Discriminating ADHD Symptoms in Adults From Other Axis I Symptoms
By Annie Stewart and Laura Liljequist
Journal of Attention Disorders : Dec 2015, vol. 19 (12), pgs. 1007-1012
DOI: 10.1177/1087054712460086

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s