Add the Internet Archive ( to your #MSULibraryBelt

In 2007, inventor and digital librarian Brewster Kahle gave a TED Talk about, “A Free Digital Library,” which would give “Universal access to all knowledge.” Today, you can use that library, which provides access to an archive of the World Wide Web, over 9 million eBooks and digital documents, 2.4 million videos, 2.8 million audio recordings, 120 thousand pieces of software, 1.1 million digitized images, and 162 thousand live concert recordings. Read below to learn about some of the different features and select collections.

2007 Capture of

The “Wayback Machine” has captured 469 billion pages on the Internet using web crawlers to give researchers the ability to access pages that are no longer live. Thus, you can potentially see a webpage that now reads “HTTP 404 Not Found” if you use the “Wayback Machine.” You can also use it to look at the history of a web page’s design, for example, see what the Murray State University Libraries’ page looked like in 2007–notice there is no Search. catalog, and no Twitter feed.

2016.03.16_MSULIbWP2 The Smithsonian Libraries collection is one of the largest library systems in the world and contains texts of all sorts, inculduding rare and old books that you can read online. These documents are very useful for understanding historical developments in human history. For example, here is a book published in 1671 that gives an account of early America and its inhabitants:



The LibriVox Free Audiobook Collection contains recordings of public domain texts (works that may be used freely without the permission of the former copyright owner) in multiple languages that you can download and listen to freely. This way you can study and exercise at the same time.

2016.03.16_MSULIbWP3.pngThe Internet Arcade gives you the ability to play vintage-era video games using an online emulator. If you were writing a paper on the history of video game development, you could experience what it was like to use these games, like this 1982 classic, “Q*Bert”:

2016.03.16_MSULIbWP4The Metropolitan Museum of Art – Gallery Images collection gives you access to over 140 thousand images from their collection. If you need images for a presentation that you are giving, or you are an Art History major, this collection is an invaluable resource. Keep in mind that these collections include images of three-dimensional objects, like this early 19th century “Russian Bassoon”:

Are you doing a report on how media covers tragic events? The Internet Archive contains 3,000 hours of coverage of the events from 9/11 in the Understanding 9/11: A Television News Archive. This collection is from the video collections held in the Internet Archive.2016.03.16_MSULIbWP5.png

These are just few of the many collections contained in the Internet Archive. There are 198 thousand collections to choose from.





Robert A. Martin, Ph.D. is this week’s #RacerScholar

robert_martin16Professor Emeritus Robert A. Martin is this week’s #RacerScholar. He co-authored the paper, “Chronology for the Cueva Victoria fossil site (SE Spain): Evidence for Early Pleistocene Afro-Iberian dispersals,” which is in the January 2016 edition of the Journal of Human Evolution.


Cueva Victoria has provided remains of more than 90 species of fossil vertebrates, including a hominin phalanx, and the only specimens of the African cercopithecid Theropithecus oswaldi in Europe. To constrain the age of the vertebrate remains we used paleomagnetism, vertebrate biostratigraphy and Th-230/U dating. Normal polarity was identified in the non-fossiliferous lowest and highest stratigraphic units (red clay and capping flowstones) while reverse polarity was found in the intermediate strati graphic unit (fossiliferous breccia). A lower polarity change occurred during the deposition of the decalcification clay, when the cave was closed and karstification was active. A second polarity change occurred during the capping flowstone formation, when the upper galleries were filled with breccia. The mammal association indicates a post-Jaramillo age, which allows us to correlate this upper reversal with the Brunhes-Matuyama boundary (0.78 Ma). Consequently, the lower reversal (N-R) is interpreted as the end of the Jaramillo magnetochron (0.99 Ma). These ages bracket the age of the fossiliferous breccia between 0.99 and 0.78 Ma, suggesting that the capping flowstone was formed during the wet Marine Isotopic Stage 19, which includes the Brunhes-Matuyama boundary. Fossil remains of Theropithecus have been only found in situ similar to 1 m below the B/M boundary, which allows us to place the arrival of Theropithecus to Cueva Victoria at similar to 0.9-0.85 Ma. The fauna of Cueva Victoria lived during a period of important climatic change, known as the Early-Middle Pleistocene Climatic Transition. The occurrence of the oldest European Acheulean tools at the contemporaneous nearby site of Cueva Negra suggest an African dispersal into SE Iberia through the Strait of Gibraltar during MIS 22, when sea-level was 100 m below its present position, allowing the passage into Europe of, at least, Theropithecus and Homo bearing Acheulean technology. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Chronology for the Cueva Victoria fossil site (SE Spain): Evidence for Early Pleistocene Afro-Iberian dispersals
By: Gary R. Scott, Denis Scholz, Alexander Budsky, Carles Ferràndez, Francesc Ribot, Robert A. Martin, María Leríah
Journal of Human Evolution : JAN 2016, vol. 90, pgs. 183-197

MSU Featured Scholar: Dr. Robert A. Martin

Our featured scholar this week is Professor Emeritus Robert A. Martin from the department of Biological Sciences. Dr. Martin is featured as a co-writer in the editorial, “Bottleneck at Jaramillo for human migration to Iberia and the rest of Europe?” This article appears in the March 2015 edition of the Journal of Human Evolution.

Journal of Human EvolutionBottleneck at Jaramillo for human migration to
Iberia and the rest of Europe?
By: Giovanni Muttoni, Dennis V. Kent, Giancarlo Scardia,
and Robert A. Martin
Journal of Human Evolution
March 2015, vol. 80, pgs. 187-190
doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.12.003